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教育文化类话题 考研写作话题词汇 考研英语知识点讲解

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教育文化类话题 考研写作话题词汇 考研英语知识点讲解[复制链接]

本帖最后由 资源大亨 于 2022-1-1 15:49 编辑

(一)教育
1、经典考题:
1)2008MBA 真题:
Directions:
In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following information. Make
comments and express your own opinion. You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWER
SHEET.
以往许多人报考成人高校,是为了圆文凭梦。如今,手持本科、硕士文凭,回头重
新考大学的大有人在。据报道,今年报名全国成人高考的上海考生中,有 390 名本科毕业生,
15 名硕士生。
写一篇约 150 词的作文对此现象进行评论和表达自己的意见。
2)2013 年英语(二):
Directions:
Write an essay based on the following chart in your writing, you should
(1) interpret the chart ,and
(2) give your comments.
You should write about 150 words.
某高校学生兼职情况新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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3)2015 年英语(一)小作文:
Directions:
You are going to host a club reading session. Write an email of about 100 words
recommending a book to the club members.
You should state reasons for your recommendation.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.
Do not write the address. (10 points)
4)2017 年英语(一)真题:
Directions:
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. In your essay, you
should
1) describe the pictures briefly,
2) interpret the meaning, and
3) give your comments.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points) 新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
18
5)2018 英语(一):
Directions:
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the picture below. In your essay, you should,
1)describe the picture briefly,
2)interpret the meaning, and
3)give your comments.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points) 新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
19
6)2019 英语(二):
Directions:
Write an essay based on the following chart. In your essay, you should
1)interpret the chart, and
2)give your comments.
You should write about 150 words neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
2、核心词汇:
学士学位:bachelor’s degree
硕士学位:master’s degree
博士学位:doctor’s degree
获得学位:acquire degree
文学硕士:Master of Arts (M.A.)
理学硕士:Master of Science (M.S.)
小学:primary/elementary school
中学:middle school
综合性大学:university
学院:institute
高等教育:higher education
大学生:college/university students
大学毕业生:college/university graduates
教授:professor
系:department
专业:major
教学设施:teaching facilities
食堂:dining hall
宿舍:dormitory
选修课:elective/optional course
学杂费:tuition fees and other expenses
终身教育:life-long education
素质教育:education for all-round development
义务教育:compulsory education新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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应试教育:exam-oriented education
理论知识:theoretical knowledge
实践技能:practical skills
信息时代:information age
知识爆炸时代:era of knowledge explosion
逃课:skip classes
学习成绩:academic performance
学习氛围:academic atmosphere
开阔眼界:broaden one’s horizons
激发兴趣:stimulate one’s interest
开发潜能:tap one’s potential
学生减负:reduce study load
放松的大学生活:relaxing college life
招生:recruitment
录取:enrollment
申请入学:apply for admission to/into
高考:College Entrance Examination
考研:National Entrance Test for M.A./M.S. Candidates
就业市场:job market
雇主:employer
雇员:employee
职业培训:vocational training
就业:finding a job, seeking employment, job hunting, hunting for a job
升学:choosing further education
创业:starting/running one’s own business
(二)流行文化
1、经典考题:
1)1993: DIRECTIONS:
A) Title: Advertisement on TV
B) Time limit: 40 minutes
C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given
opening sentence:“Today more and more advertisements are seen on the TV screen.”
E) Your composition must be written clearly in the ANSWER SHEET.
OUTLINE:
1. Present state
2. Reasons
3. My comments
2)2006 年真题:
Directions:
Study the following photos carefully and write an essay in which you should
1)describe the photos briefly;新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
21
2)interpret the social phenomenon reflected by them, and
3)give your point of view.
3)2009 年
Directions:
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you
should
1)describe the drawing briefly,
2)explain its intended meaning, and then
3)give your comments.新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
22
4)2009MBA:
Directions:
It is well-known that text message(手机短信)has both advantages and disadvantages.
Some people think it is a blessing, while others regard it as a hell. In this section, you are asked to
write an essay on text messaging. You can take either stand and provide specific reasons and
examples to support your idea. You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.
5)2015 年英语(一)大作文:
Directions:
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following picture. In your essay, you
should
1)describe the picture briefly,
2)interpret its intended meaning, and
3)give your comments.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
手机时代的“聚会”
2、核心词汇:
流行文化: popular culture
电视广告泛滥:pervasive advertisement on TV
偶像崇拜:idol worship
上网成瘾:web/Internet addiction
虚拟生活:virtual life
网上交友:making friends online
网聊:chatting on the Internet
网上购物:online shopping
网络监管:the Internet supervision
网络暴力:the Internet violence
不负责言论:irresponsible remarks
网络游戏:online games新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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数码产品:digital products
手机短信:text message
手机入网:mobile phone subscription
(三)中西文化
1、经典考题:
1)2002 年真题
Directions:
Study the following picture carefully and write an essay entitled “Cultures---National
and International”. In the essay you should
1)describe the picture and interpret its meaning, and
2)give your comments on the phenomenon.
文字说明:An American girl in traditional Chinese costume(服装)
2)2010 年英语(一)大作文:
Directions:
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
1) describe the drawing briefly,
2) explain its intended meaning, and then
3) give your comments.新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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文字说明:佛、梁祝、解构、人本、功夫、毕昇、儒、礼、后现代、老舍、莎士比亚、爱因
斯坦、道、仁、天鹅湖、启蒙、京剧等
3)2017 英语(二)小作文:
Directions:
Suppose you are invited by Professor Williams to give a presentation about Chinese
culture to a group of international students. Write a reply to
1) accept the invitation, and
2) introduce the key points of your presentation.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
Do not sign your own name at the end of the email. Use “Li Ming” instead.
Do not write the address. (10 points)
2、核心词汇:
文化融合:cultural blending/integration
传统中国文化:traditional Chinese culture
儒家:Confucianism
佛家:Buddhism
道家:Daoism/Taoism
京剧:Peking Opera
中国书法:Chinese calligraphy
功夫:Kung-fu
仁:Goodness/Benevolence
义:Righteousness
礼:Politeness/Ritual新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
25
智:Wisdom
信:Trust
西方文化:western cultures
启蒙运动:Enlightenment
人本主义:humanism
后现代主义:post-modernism
解构主义:deconstruction
多元文化:multi-cultures, pluralistic/mosaic cultures
文化多元化:cultural diversity
保存珍惜:preserve and cherish
取其精华去其糟粕:absorb its essence and resist its dark side
积极促进文化发展:promote cultural development positively
辉煌灿烂的文化遗产:glorious and splendid cultural heritage/legacy/relics
人类文明:human civilization
主流文化:mainstream culture
解读经典:interpretation of classics
莎士比亚:Shakespeare
爱因斯坦:Einstein


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