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社会热点类话题作文 考研写作话题词汇 考研英语知识点讲解

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社会热点类话题作文 考研写作话题词汇 考研英语知识点讲解[复制链接]

本帖最后由 资源大亨 于 2022-1-1 15:49 编辑

(一)经济
1、经典考题:
1)2011 年英语(二)真题:
Directions:
Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
1)interpret the chart and
2)give your comments.
You should write at least 150 words.
Write your essay on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)
2008、2009 年国内轿车市场部分品牌市场份额示意图
(从左至右:国产品牌、日系品牌、美系品牌)新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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2)2014 年英语(二)真题
Directions:
Write an essay based on the following chart. In your essay, you should
1)interpret the chart, and
2)give your comments.
You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
20 年间中国城镇人口/乡村人口变化图(单位:百万)
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1990年 2000年 2010年
城镇人口
乡村人口
3)2015 年英语(二)真题
Directions:
Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
1)interpret the chart, and
2)give your comments.
You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
我国某市居民春节假期花销比

新年礼物
交通
聚会吃饭
其他新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
10
2、核心词汇:
经济危机 economic/financial crisis
经济不景气 depression
严峻的就业形势 a tough job market
安居工程 affordable housing project
创造新的就业 generate new employment
刺激消费 stimulate consumer spending
扩大内需 propel domestic demand
基础设施建设 infrastructure construction
减免税收 tax relief
实行节约 practice economy
市场经济体制 the market economy system
经济全球化 economic globalization
科技进步 advancements in science and technology
私营企业 private enterprise
汽车产业:automobile industry
房地产业:real estate industry
电信产业:telecommunication industry
发展中国家:developing country
发达国家:developed country
国产品牌:domestic/national/Chinese brand
市场份额:market share/portion
部分品牌:certain brands
城镇人口:urban population/dweller
乡村人口:rural population
春节假期:Spring Festival Vacation
居民花销:residents’ spending
新年礼物:New Year presents
聚会吃饭:gathering and dining
交通:transportation
吸引外资:attract foreign investment
深远的社会影响:profound social and economic impact
改革开放:the reform and opening-up
社会保障体系:social security system
失业:unemployment
住房问题:housing problem
可持续的城市发展:sustainable urban development
城市化:urbanization
消费者:consumer
餐厅:restaurant新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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(二)交通
1、经典考题:
1)大纲样题/2007 年 MBA 真题:
Directions:
In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following table, in which
you should
1)describe the table and
2)state your opinions drawn from it.
You should write at least 150 English words. (15 points )
Accidents in a Chinese City (2005)
Main accident causes number of accidents
in 2005
percentage rise
(+) or fall (-) ov
er 2004
1. drivers turning left without due care 608 +10%
2. drivers traveling too close to other vehicles 411 +9%
3. pedestrians crossing roads carelessly 401 +12%
4. drivers driving under the influence of alcohol 281 +15%
5. drivers failing to give a signal 264 -5%
2)2019 英语(二)小作文:
Directions:
Suppose Professor Smith asked you to plan a debate on the theme of city traffic, write
him an email to
1)suggest a specific topic with your reasons, and
2)tell him about your arrangements.
You should write about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.
Don’t use your own name. Use “Li Ming” instead. (10 points)
2、核心词汇:
交通拥堵:traffic jam/congestion, heavy traffic
交通管制:traffic control
尾号限行:traffic restrictions based on the last digit of license plate numbers
单双号限行:odd-and-even license plate rule
限制使用私家车:limit the use of private cars
发展公共交通:develop public transport
公交专用车道:bus lane
交通事故:traffic accidents
酒后驾车:drive under the influence of alcohol
司机:driver新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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行人:pedestrian
早晚高峰:morning and evening peak
交通高峰期:rush hour
(三)旅游
1、经典考题:
1)2005MBA:
Directions:
In this section, you are required to write a composition. You should write more than 150
words neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
“十一”长假已逐步为人们所习惯,她给百姓带来了充足的娱乐休闲机会,更促进
了旅游经济的发展。但是,“黄金周”也带来了诸如交通压力增大、环保等诸多问题。作为
一名普通百姓,请你给政府有关部门写一封信,提出你关于“黄金周”的意见和建议。
1)十一节实行了七天长假制度;
2)a. 七天假期给社会和个人都带来了好处,
b. 七天假期也暴露了一些问题;
3)政府应确保相关设施,如交通设施,适应假日活动的需要。
2)2011 年英语(一):
Directions:
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
1) describe the drawing briefly,
2) explain its intended meaning, and then
3) give your comments.
文字说明:旅程之“余”新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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3)2017 英语(二):
Directions:
Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
1)interpret the chart, and
2)give your comments.
You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
2013-2015 年中国博物馆数量及参观人数
4)2017 英语(一)小作文:
Directions:
You are to write an email to James Cook, a newly arrived Australian professor,
recommending some tourist attractions in your city. Please give reasons for your
recommendation.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
Do not sign your own name at the end of the email. Use “Li Ming” instead.
Do not write the address. (10 points)
2、核心词汇:
旅行:travel
郊游:outing
短途旅游:trip
观光游:tour
陆上长途跋涉:journey
海上旅行:voyage
游客:visitor, tourist
旅游业:tourism, the travel business, tourist industry新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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发展旅游:promote tourism
旅游目的:purpose for touring
欣赏风景:appreciating scenery
缓解压力:relieving pressure, reducing stress
广交朋友:making friends
培养独立能力:cultivating independence
参观博物馆:visiting museums
故宫:the Palace Museum, the Forbidden City
长城:the Great Wall
(四)健康
1、经典考题:
1) 1996:DIRECTIONS:
A) Title: Good Health
B) Time limit: 40 minutes
C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given
opening sentence:“The desire for good health is universal.”
E) Your composition must be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
OUTLINE:
1. Importance of good health
2. Ways to keep fit
3. My own practices
2) 1997:DIRECTIONS:
A. Study the following set of pictures carefully and write an essay in no less than 120 words.
B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET.
C. Your essay should cover all the information provided and meet the requirements below:
1. Interpret the following pictures.
2. Predict the tendency of tobacco consumption and give your reasons.新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
15
3)2014 年英语(一)小作文:
Directions: Write a letter of about 100 words to the president of your university, suggesting how
to improve students’ physical condition.
You should include the details you think necessary.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.
Do not write the address. (10 points)

4)2014 年英语(二)小作文:
Directions:
Suppose you are going to study abroad and share an apartment with John, a local
student, write him an email to
1) tell him about your living habits, and
2) ask for advice about living there.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.
Do not write the address. (10 points)
2、主题词汇:
生理健康:physical health
心理健康:mental/psychological health/fitness
进行体育锻炼:do physical exercises新东方在线网络课堂电子讲义
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保持乐观:keep optimistic
悲观的:pessimistic
均衡饮食:well-balanced diet
亚健康:sub-health
公共卫生:public health
心态:state of mind
垃圾食品:junk food
节食:go on a diet
减肥:lose weight
提供医疗服务:provide medical services
牺牲健康:sacrifice one’s health
全面禁烟:total tobacco ban
疾病:illness/disease
慢性病:chronic disease
传染病:infectious disease




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